Audio / Video

Protein Mechanics

  • 01:08:07

Description

Natural proteins can fold spontaneously into well-defined three-dimensional structures, can carry out complex biochemical properties such as signal transmission, efficient catalysis of chemical reactions, specificity in molecular recognition, and allosteric conformational change. All of this is achieved while also preserving the capacity for rapid adaptive variation in response to fluctuating selection pressures, a central feature of evolving systems. What are the basic principles in the “design” of natural proteins that underlie all of these properties? In previous work, we developed an approach (the statistical coupling analysis or SCA) for globally estimating the pattern of functional interactions between sites on proteins through analysis of the evolutionary divergence of a protein family. This approach indicates a novel decomposition of proteins into sparse groups of co-evolving amino acids that we term “protein sectors”. The sectors comprise physically connected networks in the tertiary structure and can be modular — with different sectors representing different functional properties. Experiments in several protein systems demonstrate the functional and adaptive importance of the sectors and importantly, the SCA information was shown to the necessary and sufficient to design functional artificial members of protein families in the absence of any structural or chemical information. These results support the hypothesis that sectors represent the basic architecture underlying folding, function, and adaptive variation in proteins. We are now working on two key problems: (1) understanding the physical mechanisms underlying sectors, and (2) defining how the dynamics of the evolutionary process controls the emergence and structural architecture of sectors in proteins This is a joint Physics / MCB colloquium.

Details

Title

Protein Mechanics

Creator

University of California, Berkeley. Dept. of Physics

Published

Berkeley, CA, University of California, Berkeley, Dept. of Physics, April 25, 2016

Full Collection Name

Physics Colloquia

Type

Video

Format

Lecture.

Extent

1 streaming video file

Other Physical Details

digital, sd., col.

Archive

Physics Library

Note

Recorded at a colloquium held on April 25, 2016, sponsored by the Dept. of Physics, University of California, Berkeley.

originally produced as an .mts file in 2016

Speakers: Ranganathan, Rama .

Collection

Physics Colloquia

Tracks

colloquia/4-25-16Ranganathan.mp4 01:08:07

Linked Resources

View record in Digital Collections.